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What is Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and how to prevent it?

What is Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and how to prevent it?

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Continue ReadingWhat is Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and how to prevent it?

What, Why, and How?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a form of anxiety condition. Obsessions are uncontrollable in people with OCD, including fears, thoughts, or urges. read more …

Intervention outcome statistics


What is Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a form of anxiety condition. Obsessions are uncontrollable in people with OCD, including fears, thoughts, or urges. People who have OCD attempt to alleviate anxiety by engaging in repetitive behaviors known as compulsions. OCD generates anxiety and disrupts daily life. Medication and cognitive-behavioral therapy can assist.

People with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience significant distress as a result of recurring unwanted thoughts (obsessions) or rituals (compulsions) over which they believe they have no control. Habits such as handwashing, counting, checking, or cleaning are frequently conducted to prevent or remove obsessive thoughts.

However, performing these rituals only provides momentary respite, and failing to stop this behavior increases worry. Obsessions and the drive to conduct practices can take over a person’s life if left unchecked.

Why do people get OCD?


There is evidence that OCD has a biological foundation. OCD is no longer related to family problems or early attitudes. Instead, the reasons are centered on the interaction of biological and environmental elements. Issues in brain transmission can cause OCD, and these issues could be caused by low levels of specific brain chemicals known as neurotransmitters. Drugs that raise the concentration of these substances in the brain frequently assist in alleviating OCD symptoms.

Who can experience obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) typically begins in adolescence or young adulthood. Often young girls develop OCD symptoms more than boys. People who have a family with OCD (such as a parent, sibling, or kid) are at a higher risk.

This is true if the relative was diagnosed with OCD as a child or adolescent. Patients with OCD exhibit changes in particular brain areas, and some research has discovered a relationship between childhood trauma and OCD.

Following a streptococcal infection, some children may develop OCD or OCD symptoms. This is referred to as Pediatric Autoimmune Neuropsychiatric Disorders.

Signs of obsessive thoughts

Obsessions are intrusive, unwelcome ideas that generate extreme uneasiness. Obsessions are anxious thoughts, desires, or mental images that occur repeatedly.

Here are several examples:

  1. Hating germs or dirt.
  2. Fear of inflicting harm to another person.
  3. Fear of making a blunder.
  4. Fear of being humiliated in public.
  5. Feelings of skepticism or disdain
  6. The desire for order, neatness, symmetry, or perfection.
  7. Sexual thoughts that society may find offensive.

Signs of compulsive behaviors

Compulsions are actions you feel compelled to repeat to decrease anxiety or cease obsessive thoughts. The most prevalent compulsions are:

  1. Arranging things in a specific order, such as stuff on a dresser
  2. Bathing, cleaning, or repeatedly washing hands.
  3. Rechecking certain things, such as a lock or the stove.
  4. Accumulating or hoarding items with little personal or financial value
  5. Constantly checking to make sure you haven’t harmed anyone.
  6. While performing other duties, count repeatedly or speak certain words or prayers.
  7. Eating meals in a particular way.
  8. Refusing to shake hands.
  9. Avoid objects that other people frequently use, such as doorknobs.
  10. Doing a task repeatedly.

How to diagnose Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

The terms “obsessing,” “obsessed,” and “OCD” are frequently used casually. However, OCD is diagnosed based on certain factors. There is no OCD test. After asking you about your symptoms, a healthcare expert will establish a diagnosis. A doctor can decide if obsessions, compulsions, or both are present in the individual.

Obsessions or compulsions consume a significant amount of time, more than an hour per day. It generates distress or interferes with participation in social activities, work obligations, or other life events. The symptoms are not the result of drugs, alcohol, prescriptions, or another medical condition.

Treatment of OCD

Patients with OCD who receive appropriate therapy report improved quality of life and functioning. Treatment of OCD may improve a person’s capacity to perform at school and work, build and enjoy relationships, and engage in recreational activities.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

One effective treatment is exposure and response prevention, cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Patients are exposed to scary events or images that focus on their obsessions during treatment sessions, which causes anxiety at first. Patients are urged to refrain from engaging in their typical compulsive habits (response prevention).

Patients learn that their scary ideas are only thoughts rather than reality by remaining in a dreaded circumstance without anything terrible happening. People learn to manage their obsessions without resorting to ritualistic behaviors, and their anxiety diminishes over time.

Therapists and patients often collaborate to construct an exposure plan that gradually progresses from lower anxiety settings to higher anxiety scenarios using evidence-based principles. Exposures are carried out during therapy sessions as well as at home.

Because of the initial anxiety it causes, some people with OCD may refuse to participate in CBT, especially those with an inadequate understanding of their disorder.

How to prevent obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

OCD cannot be avoided. However, early detection and treatment might help you lessen the symptoms and their impact on your life.

When should you consult a doctor regarding obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?

If you experience obsessions or compulsions, speak with your doctor. Make sure to share your experience with the doctor, such as:

  • How frequently do you experience symptoms?
  • How long will they last?
  • Whether they cause you to be late for work or social events.

Tell the doctor if you avoid social interactions due to anxiety. Inform your healthcare professional about how the symptoms affect your life.

Treatments are more successful when your doctor understands how the condition affects you.


Deep brain stimulation has grown in favor as a treatment for those with severe OCD who have not responded to previous therapies. It is recommended that people with OCD who live with family or caretakers request the services of caregivers to help with exposure practice at home. Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can aid in the treatment of OCD.

Essential relaxation practices, such as meditation, yoga, visualization, and massage, can also help relieve the stress and anxiety induced by OCD.

Case Study In OCD Care

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Case study

Sarah Holmes, a 40-year-old housewife, was the victim of the condition. She had been treated by several psychiatrists and psychologists in her city but had not improved. Like an obsession, the client described compulsively repeating certain activities in her daily life. She believed that specific thoughts constantly occupied her mind and that her act of repeating certain activities resulted from these thoughts. The therapist contacted her husband to learn more about the client’s actions. Aggressive conduct, sleeplessness, uncontrollable crying, shortness of breath, rebellious thinking, and repetition of some of her everyday life acts.


  • Anxiety
  • Compulsions
  • Concentration Difficulties
  • Intrusive Thoughts
  • Obsessions
  • Worry

The client was diagnosed with OCD, and the treatment and sessions were carried out accordingly.


During therapy, the disorder’s symptoms gradually faded. Feedback from husband and client was gathered regularly, indicating favorable changes in client behavior.

Summary and conclusion

The client’s social and family environment was acquired to comprehend the critical causes of the patient’s problem, and this approach is used in most cases. In this example, the therapist became aware of the following information. Her daily routine suffered from her loss of concentration, disturbed sleep, and unjustified repetition of many routine acts, leaving her sad and disillusioned. She had never been a social person since childhood.

She had always attempted to avoid social situations and people. Her social life grew more challenging after she developed OCD, and it made her more depressed, yet, oddly, she had managed to keep on with her daily routines.

During treatment, feedback and clinical observations revealed a progressive, positive change in her personality. The difference between pre-and post-assessment validated the precision of hypotheses and the efficacy of therapies. Feedback was gathered every week for three weeks and confirmed no recurrence of the disorder’s symptoms.

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