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How to Treat Bipolar Disorder and Prevent Uncertainties

How to Treat Bipolar Disorder and Prevent Uncertainties

Date : 26 Jul 2022

Bipolar Disorder

“When under the strain of bipolar’s strongest symptoms, we certainly can make selfish decisions, but that doesn’t make us selfish people. In fact, because we have struggled and known such depths of darkness, our compassion runs deeper.” Lyss Trayers.

We all may experience different mental health issues in the long course of our lives. But, things become nastier when a person has bipolar disorder. The uncertainties of bipolar disorder may become worse for the patients, and they will feel major depression and uncontrollable urges to commit suicide.

Bipolar disorder is primarily known as manic depression or manic-depressive disorder. Due to severe bipolar disorder, a person may experience serious mood swings, energy loss, reduced thinking ability, and behavioral changes. A person may experience these signs of bipolar disorder for days, weeks, or months.

People who have bipolar disorder may experience intense mood shifts. As a result, it may disrupt their usual job efficiency or reduce educational performance, hamper relationships, and lower their ability to function in daily life. People may have to deal with suicidal tendencies, the urge to have sex with anything that moves, or the urge to insult anyone close to them. They may even mortally wound people who come in their way.

During a bipolar episode, the patient may take many wrong financial steps in their life. The patient may leave their job without thinking twice due to the impulsive nature of this disorder. For example – they may use credit cards to overspend or stay awake for days without having enough sleep. During such an episode, that person might feel too tired to get out of bed and depressed over the job loss and massive debts. The uncertainty of bipolar disorder may destroy their lifestyle or even take their life.

Experts don’t understand why people experience such elongated and complex bipolar disorder episodes. Usually, people may face their first depressive episode of bipolar disorder during their teenage years or early adulthood. 

Bipolar disorder may worsen if not treated with caution and patience. So, it is essential to identify the signs and symptoms before starting the treatment. Once you point out the symptoms, you may classify what type of bipolar disorder you are suffering from and take the necessary steps to treat yourself.

So, let’s put some light on the signs and symptoms of bipolar disorder.

What are the types and symptoms of Bipolar Disorder? 

Are you suffering from bipolar disorder? How do you recognize that you will have a severe depressive episode?

You may get the answer clearly if you can recognize the symptoms of bipolar disorder episodes. Bipolar disorder can be seen differently in different people, and the signs and symptoms may vary from person to person. Few patients may easily be affected by either mania or depression, while others might experience a combination of both types of episodes. 

There are 4 types of mood episodes in bipolar disorder: 

Bipolar I Disorder or Mania

At least one manic episode will be visible, followed by hypomanic or major depressive episodes. There are few exceptional cases where mania may affect the sense of reality, and patients may experience delusions, hallucinations, and agitation, and these are all signs of psychosis.

Some specific signs of mania are:

  • Severe irritation
  • Impulsiveness
  • Over self-confidence
  • Reckless actions
  • Too much optimism
  • Lack of concentration
  • Rapid speech or muttering
  • Delusions and hallucinations
  • Unrealistic beliefs regarding their abilities
  • Too much energy while experiencing sleep sickness
  • Frequent thoughts and switching from one idea to another
Bipolar II Disorder or Depression

Patients may experience at least one major depressive episode and at least one hypomanic episode, and they usually won’t experience a manic episode.

Some specific signs of depression are:

  • Irritability
  • Extreme guilt
  • Sad feelings
  • Loss of interest in fun activities
  • Decrease or increase in appetite
  • Insomnia or too much sleeping
  • Restlessness or sluggishness
  • Fatigue or loss of energy
  • Thoughts of death or suicide
  • Hopelessness and tearfulness
  • Concentration and memory problems
  • Significant weight loss or weight gain
Cyclothymic Disorder

Cyclothymia symptoms show high and low emotional states of mind. They are named:

  1.   Highs in cyclothymia and hypomanic symptoms
  2.   Lower cyclothymia or moderate depressive symptoms

Cyclothymia symptoms are similar to bipolar I or II, but they’re not so severe. The criteria for a hypomanic episode and periods of depressive symptoms must be seen in adults for two years, and for kids/teenagers, it is one year. Hypomanic and depressive symptoms are unrelated to medications, substance abuse, or other medical conditions. Hypomanic and depressive symptoms cause a severe impact on social, professional, and other areas.

Some specific signs of Cyclothymic disorder are:

  • Sadness
  • Hopelessness
  • Irritability
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Fatigue
  • Concentration problems
  • Inflated optimism
  • Suicidal thoughts
  • Impulsivity
  • Irresponsibility
  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Weight gain or loss
  • Lack of motivation
  • Impaired problem-solving abilities
  • Low self-esteem
  • Loneliness
  • Social withdrawal
  • Euphoric state of mind
  • Feelings of worthlessness and guilt
  • Inflated self-esteem
  • Poor judgment results in risky behaviors
  • Talking more than usual
  • Hyperactivity
  • Getting easily distracted
Other mixed types

A mixed episode of bipolar disorder might reveal symptoms of both mania/hypomania and depression.

Common signs of a mixed episode may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Distractibility
  • Hopelessness
  • Racing thoughts
  • Suicidal tendency
  • Depression mixed with agitation

Patients may develop suicidal tendencies when they experience a combination of high energy and low mood. Sometimes, due to the usage of some particular drugs, alcohol, or medical conditions, people might face such mental health disorders.

Now, as you can identify the symptoms, you might want to take action to cure bipolar disorder and avoid the uncertainty of such disorder episodes.

Treatment for Bipolar Disorder

“Though I am often in the depths of misery, there is still calmness, pure harmony, and music inside me. I see paintings or drawings in the poorest cottages, in the dirtiest corners. And my mind is driven towards these things with an irresistible momentum.” Vincent van Gogh.

If you can identify signs of bipolar disorder in yourself or someone close to you, don’t wait too long to get help. No panic is needed as bipolar disorder is curable with proper diagnosis and treatment.

The best strategy to treat bipolar disorder is using a combination of therapy, medicines, a change of lifestyle, and social support. Many average people, as well as celebrities including Mariah Carey, Kurt Cobain, Carrie Fisher, Mel Gibson, Demi Lovato, Jimi Hendrix, Ernest Hemingway, Catherine Zeta-Jones, Frank Sinatra, Jean-Claude Van Damme, Winston Churchill, and many more, were happily living with this mental health issue.

Steps to treat bipolar disorder are:

Get more information

Get as much information as possible about bipolar disorder. The more you get educated, the better you’ll be able to help yourself or others to recover. For example – Psychoeducation is a form of learning the symptoms of bipolar disorder and its impact on kids’ behavior, considering age, culture, and surroundings.

Do regular exercising

Physical workout has a beneficial effect on your mind and will help reduce the number of bipolar episodes. Cardiac exercises such as walking, running, swimming, dancing, cycling, or climbing may help your brain and nervous system prevent bipolar attacks.

Try to reduce stress

Patients may need to avoid high-stress situations and try relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, deep breathing, reading, listening to soft music, etc.

Get expert help and treatment 

Patients must consult professional mental health experts and ask for their opinion regarding bipolar disorder. A comprehensive bipolar treatment plan may include:

  • Pharmacologic or Medication Therapy
  • Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
  • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS)
  • Psychotherapy

Do not miss any treatment sessions, and do the homework that is given to you.

Keep a connection with loved ones 

Stay in touch with your family and friends. Nothing can soothe the nervous system as face-to-face contact with people close to you. Your loved ones are the people who will support you in every step and share your pain/suffering with them.

Make healthy choices

Being a patient, you should maintain healthy habits such as proper sleep, proper diet, consuming plenty of water, daily workout, etc., which may help you to stabilize your moods. You must also check your symptoms and watch for signs regularly. This way, you may prevent bipolar disorder episodes before they start.

Get emergency help

Suicidal thoughts are pretty common in people with bipolar disorder. If you are experiencing similar thoughts, immediately call 911 or your local emergency number. You may also go to a person you can trust, control you mentally, and stop you from hurting yourself.

You may also call the suicide hotline at the United States National Suicide Prevention Lifeline – 1-800-273-TALK (1-800-273-8255)

“Courage doesn’t always roar. Sometimes courage is the quiet voice at the end of the day saying, ‘I will try again tomorrow.’” – Mary Anne Radmacher

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